Gulf of Fonseca Conservation Area

The Gulf of Fonseca is an area rich in biodiversity, shared between El Salvador, Honduras and Nicaragua.

On the maritime side, facing the Maculís, Las Tunas and Playas Negras beaches, is one of the largest extensions of rock and coral reef formations in the country, second only to Los Cóbanos. This has the potential to become the second marine coastal protected natural area.

The coral ecosystem, along with the network of mangroves and islands in the Gulf of Fonseca, makes up the largest breeding area and refuge for marine species in the Southeastern part of the country.

Here, possibly the largest national bank of oysters and abalones reside, which are in high demand and need to be recovered.

Natural resources

In this landscape, the impressive Conchagua Volcano stands out. This is a unique natural area, characterized by its abrupt topography and altitude, reaching 1000 meters above sea level.

The Gulf is home to the largest expanse of mangrove forest in the entire Central America Pacific coast, hence its significance for conservation.

Ecosystem services

The Gulf of Fonseca conservation area contains oceanic and aquatic habitats that serve as a source for economic activities such as responsible fishing and sustainable tourism. The water resources and economic activities provided by the conservation area have a regional impact, helping to sustain growth and enterprise in this important port.


The principle issue affecting the area is the siltation of the Cutuco Port. The River Goascorán deposits sediment from upstream into this busy port which is the principle national port in tourism and the second most important national trade port. For this reason, FIAES is working to reduce upstream erosion by working in the recuperation of degraded watersheds that drain into the gulf.


environmental projects funded


project implementing organizations


years of fundraising and resourcing for conservation

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