Natural areas

Areas where life is preserved.

Mountains, volcanoes, forests, and coastal areas are some of the most recognized areas of the country, which are very important from an environmental, cultural, and economic perspective.

Luis Tobar / Fotobiosfera
Luis Tobar / Fotobiosfera / FIÃES

Ecosystems are necessary for water production, climate improvement, food production, protection of flora and fauna, and other benefits. Towards this end, FIAES promotes implementation of initiatives for sustainable use and management of biological resources in areas that are important for conservation because of their function, their genetic, historic, scenic, recreational, archaeological, or protective value, or because they are considered a critical ecosystem.

Environmentally important sites in El Salvador

Part of the country’s natural wealth is concentrated in the 118 natural protected areas, including land and sea areas, which are the last refuge for many species of flora and fauna.

El Salvador also has seven internationally recognized wetlands, on the list of Ramsar sites. This designation is given to wetlands that are important for the provision of freshwater, as well as sites for native and migratory bird feeding and rest.

The Biosphere Reserves are another conservation category, given to territories that seek to promote sustainable development and natural resource conservation through activities such as: environmental education, research, environmentally friendly productive activities, etc. Three sites have this classification in the country: Apaneca – Ilamatepec, Xirihualtique – Jiquilisco, and Trifinio – Fraternidad.

Urban expansion and population growth are factors that have influenced the loss and deterioration of natural resources. Because of this situation, the promotion of recovery processes on a greater scale is necessary in order to ensure the conservation of natural heritage.

Activities that FIAES carries out:

  • Support processes that ensure the rehabilitation, restoration, and sustainable use of protected areas’ biological resources, or resources in areas of ecological importance.
  • Promotion of research that enables implementation of restoration measures.
  • Baseline surveys and management, principally in core areas of biosphere reserves, including support for livelihoods and local enterprises.

environmental projects funded


project implementing organizations


years of fundraising and resourcing for conservation

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