Eradication of the pest of pine forest through territorial governance

The continuity of the pine forests that characterize the North of El Salvador can be seen in the eastern region of the country. In the Nahuaterique Conservation Area are located the Cacahuatique mountains and Nahuaterique, extended in the municipalities of Ciudad Barrios, in the Department of San Miguel; Osicala, Corinth, Arambala, San Fernando, Joateca, Perquin, Lolotiquillo, Torola, Yoloaiquín, Delicias de Concepción, Gualococti and Jocoaitique, in the Department of Morazán. Lislique, Nueva Esparta and Polorós in the Department of La Unión.

Outbreaks of bark weevil, which is credited with the change of green of the pine forests to a yellow-brown - reddish mountains were identified at the beginning of the year 2016, in the pine forests of the North in Morazán, San Miguel and La Union. This small insect caused serious damages to important water recharge areas. According to data from the Ministry of environment and natural resources (MARN), only in the case of Morazán, was reported a total of 251.25 affected apples, 256 outbreaks and 53,088 affected trees.

Faced with this threat arose a mechanism of interaction that allowed to establish agreements between civil society, government authorities, private and productive entities of the territory to deal with the threat of the bark weevil.

Intervention

Before the emergence of the bark weevil, in September 2016, the Administrative Council of the FIÃES, approved an emergency fund by $350,000, to be executed across the country. Specifically for the northern zone of Morazán, $80,467.42 went to confront the threat and decrease the bark of pine beetle damage, following a request from the Civil society made in the Intersectoral Commission against the pine weevil.

Two key actors that crystallised the support of FIÃES, at the stage of emergency, was the Foundation second Montes (FSM), serving the municipalities of Arambala and Joateca; and the Board of Trustees for the development of the communities north of San Miguel and Morazán (PADECOMSM), in the municipalities of Torola, San Fernando and Perquin.

It involved a total of 163 outbreaks, knocking down a total of 18,328 infected trees. FIÃES supported equipment with chainsaws, ties, hoists, helmets, jackets, gloves and leather frogs; and the generation of employment to 72 people and an equal number of families that formed 12 brigades of weevil control.

Results

The important achievements of this process are the creation of subcommittees work to manage, influence, monitor, document, systematize the process of attention to the plague and the updating of the dynamics of monitoring and restoration, since the Commission Cross-sectoral.

The sustainability of this coordination effort has begun to take leaps and bounds, now with the restoration phase two new actors have joined: La Fundación Perquin to educational opportunities (PEOF, for its acronym in English) and the communal Association of Morazán (ACMM) women. These organizations carry out projects of planting of pine trees, produced with funding from OIRSA, MAG, and municipalities, which represents an investment of $73,233.50 FIÃES in the restoration and monitoring areas of pine forest with images.