Transform agricultural practices, building reservoirs, promote crop diversification through family and community gardens, and provide technical assistance through field schools for farmers, are part of projects that are promote through the project: scaling of climate resilience in the agroecosystems (RECLIMA).
San Salvador 25 October 2018. The mackerel climate fund approved RECLIMA, a US $127.7 million project that aims to improve resilience to climate change of agricultural systems of the 114 municipalities located in the dry corridor of El Salvador, and with which 225 000 people will benefit involved in this sector.
The decision of the Board of the Green Fund for the climate (GCF, abbreviation of Green Climate Fund) at its meeting in Manama, Bahrain, (from 17 to 20 October 2018) assumes that the GCF will donate US $35.8 million to the project. US $91.8 million remaining will come from consideration by the Government of El Salvador: US $74.3 million will be provided by the Ministry of agriculture and livestock (MAG), $ 3.7 million by the Ministry of environment and natural resources (MARN) and US $ 13.8 million by the environmental investment of El Salvador (FIÃES) Fund.
The Green climate fund was created within the framework of the United Nations Framework Convention on climate change (UNFCCC for its acronym in English), constituted as a mechanism to assist countries in developing adaptation to climate change and mitigation of their effects.
RECLIMA will involve 20, 000 people belonging to indigenous communities and 50,000 family farmers - who make up nearly 15 percent of all family farmers in the country.
The project will work with a third of the population most vulnerable to climate change in the dry corridor of El Salvador, an area that is affected by severe droughts, floods and tropical storms. About 38 percent of recipient households are headed by women.
RECLIMA was developed by an inter-agency technical team, led by the heads of the Ministry of environment and natural resources, Lina Pohl - authority who presented the project to the Green climate fund in South Korea in the month of July; the Minister of agriculture and livestock, Orestes Ortez; Deputy Foreign Minister Jaime Miranda, the representative of the United Nations Organization for food and Agriculture (FAO) in El Salvador, Alan González - in its accredited institution - and the executive director of the environmental investment fund of the Salvador (FIÃES), Jorge Oviedo.
Its production has also included consultation processes inclusive with the participation of indigenous peoples, civil society and the private sector. RECLIMA will have a Steering Committee of high level, which will report its results directly to the Office of sustainability and environmental vulnerability of El Salvador.
Transforming food systems
RECLIMA will promote a profound change in the food systems of the dry corridor from El Salvador to help eradicate hunger, poverty and addressing the challenges of climate change, contributing directly to food security for the families of the 114 municipalities in which the project will be implemented. This includes the intention of reducing or capturing more than four million tonnes of carbon over a period of five years.
The project will work with family farmers to transform their productive practices, improving their basic infrastructure and technical expertise with the aim of achieving fully sustainable food systems and more resilient. This action will be held by the MAG, through the National Centre for agricultural technology and forestry "Enrique Álvarez Córdova" (CENTA), incorporating measures of adaptation and resilience in support programmes for producers, especially by means of technical assistance, among others.
In particular, the project seeks to increase resilience in agricultural production systems that span more than 56, 000 hectares, promoting the adoption of measures of adaptation, such as the use of drought-tolerant seeds.
RECLIMA aims to improve agricultural extension systems, promoting a landscape approach to restore ecosystem services, through the recovery of 17,000 hectares of degraded ecosystems. In addition, about 4,000 families will benefit from better access to water through the capture, storage and distribution of rain water.
With its focus on the dry corridor, the project seeks to reduce one of the major causes of international migration originating in rural areas of El Salvador: climate shocks such as droughts and floods. As such, RECLIMA will be a key element in the strategy of the country's reduction of migration by need.
El Salvador is extremely vulnerable to climate change
El Salvador is one of the countries most vulnerable to climate risks in the world. According to the Intergovernmental Panel on climate change (IPCC), the increase in temperature can reduce yields of the major crops of the country by 20 percent by 2050, mainly due to drought.
In the area of the dry corridor of El Salvador, 2.2 million people live in a situation of poverty and climatic vulnerability, and 54 percent of them depends on the production of basic grains as primary means of subsistence.